Landmarks of the Prophet's Mosque
The Prophet's Mosque Squares
Included the expansion of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz of the Prophet's Mosque, the establishment and improvement yards Prophet's Mosque from the northern, western and south, which has an area(235.000 M2) to take it for a pray, it's about (450.000) worshiper and challenge these squares, walls and gates on each side, has been paving this squares with colored marble and granite, and above that Islamic geometric.
facilitate the movement of large numbers of visitors to the mosque, was set up under the squares parking with a total area (292.000 M2) capacity (approximately 4.200) Cars also include basements of the squares on the places of service visitors to the mosque and there are (15) facility dedicated one of it for the gallery building and expansion Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. And (14) made up of three floors. the first and the third was devoted to the ablutions and toilets, and the second floor to the work and technical equipment,
facilities Contain (5.750) faucet to ablutions and (700) fountain to drink water and (1.900) a toilet and shower, and the Escalators is (116) ladder, and normal ladders to facilitate the movement of visitors through the 30 entrance to the parking yards surrounding the mosque , and also lifts for the handicapped parking
There are projects ordered by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah for the expansion of the Prophet's Mosque total cost (4.700.000.000) SR, including: the implementation of the Eastern yard of the mosque and an area of ??37.000 M2 capacity of more than 70,000 worshipers ; including: installation of 250 umbrella covering all the yards the Mosque to prevent visitors from glare of the sun and the risk of rains private slips by heavy rain and the umbrellas are equipped with systems for the disposal of rain, lighting, and opens automatically when needed, and canopy cover per 576 M2 and will benefit the end when more than 200,000 worshipers
Rawda (Garden) and Muhammad's pulpit
The heart of the mosque houses a very special but small area named -Riadh-Ul-Jannah, which extends from Muhammad's tomb (Rawda) to his pulpit. Pilgrims attempt to visit and pray in Riadh-ul-Jannah, for there is a tradition that supplications and prayers uttered here are never rejected. Entrance into Riadh-ul-Jannah is not always possible (especially during the Hajj season), as the tiny area can accommodate only a few hundred people. Ar-Rawdah has two small gateways manned by Saudi police officers. The current marble pulpit was constructed by the Othomans. The original pulpit was much smaller than the current one, and constructed of palm tree wood, not marble. -Riadh-ul-Jannah is considered part of Jannah (Heaven or Paradise).
It is prescribed for the one who visits the mosque to pray two Rak’ahs in the Rawdah or whatever he wants of Naafil prayers. It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that Muhammad said: “The area between my house and my minbar is one of the gardens ( riyaad, sing. rawdah) of Paradise, and my minbar is on my cistern (hawd)” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1196; Muslim, 1391.
And it was narrated that Yazeed Ibn Abi ‘Ubayd said: “I used to come with Salamah ibn al-Akwa’ and he would pray by the pillar which was by the mus-haf, i.e. in the Rawdah. I said, ‘O Abu Muslim, I see that you are keen to pray by this pillar!’ He said, ‘I saw that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was keen to pray here.’” Narrated by Al-Bukhaari, 502; Muslim, 509.
The Prophet's Masjid is distinguished by the Rawda as-Shareefah, which is the area between the house of Allah's apostle al-Hujrah as-Shareefah - and the Minbar - the pulpit. The Prophet peace be upon him said,
"Between my house and my minbar - pulpit - a Rawdhah -garden- of Jannah." [Agreed upon]
This area is a side view of the Prophet's house. At the time of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him his wives rooms were at the side of the mosque and there was a door directly from the house to the masjid (mosque). But nowadays after the expansions, the houses are now inside the mosque.
This is the Mihrab of Allah's apostle may peace and blessings be upon
him. The mihrab is basically a recess in the masjid that indicate the direction of the prayer 'Qiblah' (to Makkah) . Ofcourse it didnt look like this at the time of Prophet muhammad peace be upon him, but this is exactly where the prophet peace be upon him used to stand to lead the prayer with the early muslim believers. Allahu Akbar!
An outside view of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him's mosque.
The prayer in the Prophet's Masjid is better than one thousand prayers somewhere else except in the Holy Masjid of Makkah.
"The prayer in this Masjid of mine is better than one thousand prayers elsewhere except in the Holy Masjid - of Makkah." [Agreed upon]
Room Prophet Muhammad
This name is called the house of the Prophet peace be upon him where he was staying with the mother of believers Aisha daughter Abi Bakr, may Allah be pleased with them.
The generosity of Aisha, may Allah be pleased God to make the grave of the Prophet peace be upon him and his two companions Abu Bakr Siddiq and Umar Farooq) in her room
The room is located east of the noble Prophet's Mosque, and the door was open to kindergarten honest, because the Prophet peace be upon him was giving his head to Aa'ishah when he in e'itkave to clean and comb his hair, a retreat to the mosque.
When he died the Prophet peace be upon him was in the room Aisha, because he asked permission from the mothers of the believers to fall sick in a room Aa'ishah.
As died the Prophet peace be upon him sharing companions opinion where you buried the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, said friend may Allah be pleased with him that he heard recently from the Messenger peace be upon him: "Every prophet buried where the arrest" was buried in this room was his tomb in the south of the noble room.
Platform Messenger of Allah peace be upon him
The Prophet peace be upon him said:
((The area between my house and my minbar is one of the gardens (riyadh, sing. rawdah) of Paradise, and my minbar is on my cistern (hawdh))
Anas said: The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him delivering the khutbah on Friday to the side stage assigns his back to it, when many people said, "Build me a platform," they built a platform with two stairs, and When the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him in the pulpit preaching, the tree cried to the Messenger of Allah . Anas said: I am in the mosque, I heard the stage cried like a baby, Messenger of Allah came down to it and embraced it and then become silent.
Ibn Abbas may Allah be pleased with him said: that the Messenger of Allah was preaching on the palm trunk, a roman man came to the Messenger of Allah, and the Messenger of Allah said to him : "Make me a platform for preach ."then the roman man made a platform . and the Messenger preaching on it
ibn al-Najjar said: the length of pulpit of the Prophet peace be upon him - height - two arms, hand, three fingers, and width 1 arm, the length of his chest - high Musnad –( a prophet reclined) 1 arm.
Later there were many kinds stairs of the platform, as there were many industry, was sometimes made ??of wood or alabaster or marble.
The evolution of the platform in the Prophet's Mosque
Platform was at the time of the Prophet and his four caliphs, the adult consists of two staircase and seat.
In the era of the Umayyad, Muawiya increased in the platform and make it six staircases and seat.
In the era of the Abbasid caliphs, some renewal of the platform.
In the year 654 AH: burned the mosque and burned down the platform, too, the King of Yemen sent a new platform .and it still ten years.
It still to797 AH year 664 AH: Zahir Baybars send a new platform In
- In 797 AH AL zaher Brgog sent a new platform, replacing a platform-Zahir Baybars.
In year 886 AH: burned the mosque, the platform is also being burnt, and the people of ALmadinah built the other platform.
n 888 HA: al-Ashraf GaytBay sent a new platform of marble, and removed platform built by the people of AL madinah, and put its place.
In 998 AH the Ottoman Sultan Murad sent a platform made ??of marble was very creative, and accuracy of its industry, and the magnificent decoration and inscriptions, painting of water gold , and transfer the platform of Gaytbay to Quba Mosque. And put a platform of Sultan Murad in his place. It is located now.